What is Gynecomastia?

Sometimes referred to as “gyno”, gynecomastia is a condition in which the male breast tissue becomes noticeably enlarged. It can affect both breasts at the same time or one breast individually. In general, the range of swelling can widely vary. Gynecomastia is completely different than the increase of breast tissue associated with normal weight gain.

Gynecomastia and Hormones

Gynecomastia is caused by underlying hormonal balances. Specifically, there it too much estrogen in the body, and not enough testosterone. Although males do need a certain amount of estrogen to maintain a healthy physique once it exceeds a normal level, the male body can start to take on feminine characteristics.

What are Natural Causes of Gynecomastia?

Sometimes, hormonal changes during puberty can cause temporary bouts of gyno. Similarly, infants can be born with breasts due to their mother’s high estrogen levels. Men can also experience gyno as they reach middle age and experience a decline in testosterone production. Unfortunately this kind of gynecomastia is not usually temporary since the proper hormonal balance is not likely to return.

Other natural causes can include:


  • Hypogonadism – this is a condition where the testes do not produce enough testosterone.
  • Cancerous Tumors – testicular cancer, adrenal cancer or cancer of the pituitary gland can cause hormonal changes in the body that present themselves in a wide variety of symptoms, including breast enlargement.
  • Hyperthyroidism – the thyroid gland is responsible for a hormone called thyroxine. A drastic increase in this hormone can cause gyno as a result.
  • Kidney failure – hormonal changes as a result of improperly functioning kidneys can cause this symptom to manifest.
  • Liver Failure – hormonal changes due to liver problems can cause gyno, as can some of the medications.
  • Poor diet – if your body is starved of nutrition, the testosterone levels will decrease, but the estrogen levels remain the same. This imbalance can cause gyno. Interestingly, gyno can also occur as a result of switching back to a regular, healthy diet.

How to check if you are suffering from Gynecomastia

Presence of breast tissue greater than 0.5 cm in diameter in a male is a sign of Gynecomastia.

Treatment of Gynecomastia by Surgery

Dr. Ashok Pandey from Bombay Cosmetic Clinic is a  celebrated and revered personality in the field of cosmetic surgery. Currently conducting his cosmetic and aesthetic surgery practice in Navi Mumbai, he is associated with number of leading hospitals across the city where he regularly imparts his services to the needy.

Such is his expertise in his field of knowledge that he has successfully conducted more than thousand cosmetic practicing in South Mumbai and Navi Mumbai and plastic surgeries in his career so far.

For consultation call – 099307 31109 / 022 27801101